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Location

Paris , France


Address

Champ de Mars, 5 av Anatole France, 7e


Telephone

+33 8 92 70 12 39


Getting there

Metro: Bir Hakeim or RER Champ de Mars–Tour Eiffel


More information

www.tour-eiffel.fr


Prices

lift to top adult/youth/child €17/14.50/8, lift to 2nd fl €11/8.50/4, stairs to 2nd fl €7/5/3, lift 2nd fl to top €6


Opening hours

lifts & stairs 9am-12.45am mid-Jun–Aug, lifts 9.30am-11.45pm, stairs 9.30am-6.30pm Sep–mid-Jun


The first and second floors can be reached using the stairs or lifts. To get  the magnificent view at the top you need to take a lift.

TIP: To avoid standing in line, book your ticket in advance online.

Eiffel Tower (La Tour Eiffel)

SIGHTS / LANDMARKS & MONUMENTS

The landmark of Paris was designed by architect  Gustave Eiffel.  It was built in 1889 as a 'temporary gateway' to L'Exposition Universelle - a fair to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution.  

Not everyone was happy when it was first built. Many considered it  to be very ugly  and wanted it pulled down. A petition of 300 names, including some famous people protesting its construction, was presented to the Paris city government. The petition read, "We, the writers, painters, sculptors, architects and lovers of the beauty of Paris, do protest with all our vigor and all our indignation, in the name of French taste and endangered French art and history, against the useless and monstrous Eiffel Tower.

Nature lovers were against the tower thinking that it would interfere with the flight of birds over Paris. The newspapers named the Tower  a " tragic street lamp", a "belfry skeleton", a "high and skinny pyramid of iron ladders", an "odious column of bolted metal", a "half built factory pipe", a "Tower of Babel"...

However, the Tower was built and was an instant success at the exhibition. Standing over 300 meters high beside the River Seine in Paris, it was the tallest building in the world, until 1930.

It had the permission to remain standing for no longer than twenty years and would have been dismantled, but was saved when the City of Paris discovered that the tower made an excellent radio antenna, and  decided to keep it!   It is still used for radio transmission and has an aerial at the very top.

Gustave Eiffel engraved on the tower seventy-two names of French scientists, engineers and other notable people. This engraving was painted over at the beginning of the 20th century but restored in 1986-1987 by the Société Nouvelle d'exploitation de la Tour Eiffel.

Brief history of the World's Fair

World's Fairs originated in the French tradition of national exhibitions, a tradition that culminated with the French Industrial Exposition of 1844 held in Paris. Since then, Paris hosted fairs in 1855, 1867, 1889, 1900 and 1937. Some of the Parisian landmarks left over from these exibitons include the Eifel Tower. Grand and Petit Palais, Pont Alexandre II, Palais du Tokyo, Trocadero Museum, Gare d’Orsay and the First Metro line completed in 1900.

World expositions presented the best in science and technology from around the world. Inventions such as the  outdoor electric lighting, first motion picture and the telephone were first introduced at the World’s Fairs.

Fun facts about the Eiffel Tower

· On September 10, 1889 Thomas Edison visited the tower. He signed the guestbook with the following message— “To M Eiffel the Engineer the brave builder of so gigantic and original specimen of modern Engineering from one who has the greatest respect and admiration for all Engineers including the Great Engineer the Bon Dieu,” Thomas Edison.

· In 1902, the tower was struck by lightning  and 100 m (330 ft) of the top had to be reconstructed. The damaged lights illuminating the tower had to be replaced.

· On February 4, 1912, Austrian tailor Franz Reichelt decided to try his home made parachute. Hedied after jumping 60 meters from the first deck of Eiffel tower.

· In 1925, the con artist Victor Lustig twice "sold" the tower for scrap metal.

· In 1930, the tower lost the title of the world's tallest structure, when the Chrysler Building was completed in New York City.

· From 1925 to 1934, illuminated signs for Citroën adorned the tower, making it the tallest advertising space in the world at the time.

· Upon the Nazi occupation of Paris in 1940, the lift cables were cut by the French to prevent Adolf Hitler to get to the summit. When visiting Paris, Hitler chose to stay on the ground and not climb 1792 steps. It was said that Hitler conquered France, but did not conquer the Eiffel Tower. The parts to repair them were allegedly impossible to obtain because of the war.

· In August 1944, when the Allies were nearing Paris, Hitler ordered General Dietrich von Choltitz, the military governor of Paris, to demolish the tower along with the rest of the city. Von Choltitz disobeyed the order and saved the most beautiful city in the world.

· The lifts of the Tower were working normally within hours of the Liberation of Paris. 

· On January 3, 1956, a fire damaged the top of the tower.

· In 1957 the present radio antenna was added to the top.

· In 1965, the Bond film Thunderball, featured a shot of the tower as the villainous Largo, played by Adolfo Celi, parks outside the headquarters of SPECTRE in Paris.

· In the 1980s an old restaurant and its supporting iron scaffolding midway up the tower was dismantled. It was purchased and reconstructed on St. Charles Avenue in New Orleans, Louisiana by entrepreneurs John Onorio and Daniel BonnoT, originally as the Tour Eiffel Restaurant, known more recently as the Red Room. The restaurant was re-assembled from 11,000 pieces that crossed the Atlantic in a 40-foot (12 m) cargo container.

· In 1985's James Bond film A View to a Kill, Sir Roger Moore as James Bond chases May Day played by actress Grace Jones up the Eiffel Tower. She parachutes from the structure to escape. The video of the film's theme tune, performed by the group Duran Duran, also included several scenes of the band staged on the tower intercut with clips from the film.

· La Tour Eiffel is cleaned all year round by a team of cleaners. They consume 4 tons of paper wipes, 10,000 doses of detergent, 400 liters of metal cleaner and 25,000 rubbish bags, every year. The re-painting of La Tour Eiffel begins every seven years.  The last painting period began in December 2001 and finished in June 2003.  The next painting job  commenced in 2008, requiring 300 tons of of reddish-green paint.

· On July 14 1995, Bastille Day, French synthesizer musician Jean Michel Jarre performed Concert For Tolerance at the tower in aid of UNESCO’s 50th birthday. The free concert was attended by an estimated 1.25 million people, filling the Champ-de-Mars. The concert featured lighting and projection  on the tower, and concluded with huge firework.

· Jarre returned to the Eiffel Tower on Bastille Day 1998. His show “Electronic Night” was attended by 600,000 people. The event marked the end of the 1998 Football World Cup, which happened to have hosted and won by France.

· On New Year's Eve 2000, the Eiffel Tower played host to Paris' Millennium Celebration. Fireworks exploded from the whole length of the tower in a spectacular display. An exhibition above a cafeteria on the first floor commemorates this event.

· In 2000, flashing lights and four high-power searchlights were installed on the tower. At night the Tower sparkle every hour. The searchlights on top of the tower make it a beacon in Paris' night sky.

· The tower received its 200,000,000th guest of all-time in 2002.

· At 19:20 on July 22, 2003, a fire occurred at the top of the tower in the broadcasting equipment room. The entire tower was evacuated; the fire was extinguished after 40 minutes, and there were no reports of injuries.

· Since 2004, the Eiffel Tower has hosted an ice skating rink during the winter period. It is located 57 meters above the glittering city of Paris and features dazzling lighting effects and music. Do not bring your own skates, they are supplied with identification.

(source wikipedia)